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Bayamo
 
 
   
 

Surrounded by the Sierra Maestra Mountains in eastern Cuba, you can find the province of Granma with a rich natural, historic and cultural heritage. The province’s capital city is Bayamo, and you can reach the city by the Central Road (Carretera Central) or main highway through northern Holguin or from the east from Santiago de Cuba. The city of Bayamo is known as the “National Monument City” due to its important participation in the country’s’ history.
Bayamo was the second of the seven Villas established in Cuba by Diego Velasquez and was founded in 1513.  This was the city where two of Cuba’s main historic events were held: First, after the beginning of the Ten Years War, on October 10th, 1868 and after Bayamo was proclaimed capital of the Republic in Arms, exactly on October 20th, 1868, the Cuban National Anthem was song for the first time. The second important event was the burning of the city by its residents before the imminent control of the city by the Spaniards on January 12th, 1869. These and other important events in the history of the island turned this city into the “Birthplace of Cuban Nationality”.
The colonial urbanization of the city marked by its historic center is made up by narrow streets, large homes, plazas, parks and an old cathedral. Among some of the most interested places are the Birthplace of Carlos Manuel de Cespedes, “Father of the Homeland”; the San Salvador de Bayamo Parochial Church which maintains its Dolores Chapel (1740) open, whose Baroque alter piece is among the most beautiful in the country. 
There are also the Hymn and Revolution Plazas (Squares), the Ventana of Luz Vazquez, the House of Cuban Nationality and the recently refurbished boulevard in the historic centre. One of the most attractive traditions in the city of Bayamo are its horse carriages in which a visitor can travel along its narrow streets and enjoy some of its constructions and most important plazas (squares).
Through Bayamo’s interior roads you can reach the historic Sierra Maestra Mountains, including mountain roads which will take you to the Marea del Portillo tourist destination in the southern coast and in the Guacanayabo Gulf. Vacationers are astound with its natural parks: the Turquino National Park and the Desembarco del Granma both found in the province of Granma. You may visit Turquino Peak with 1974 meters high, which is the highest point on the island; the second attraction is its impressive marine terraces system, which is the best conserved on the archipelago and recognized by UNESCO as one of the most representative internationally, known as “Stairway for the Giants”; you can also find the El Guafe Archeological Natural Reserve.
The Desembarco del Granma National Park has 8 Surrounded by the Sierra Maestra Mountains in eastern Cuba, you can find the province of Granma with a rich natural, historic and cultural heritage.  The province’s capital city is Bayamo, and you can reach the city by the Central Road (Carretera Central) or main highway through northern Holguin or from the east from Santiago de Cuba. The city of Bayamo is known as the “National Monument City” due to its important participation in the country’s’ history.
Bayamo was the second of the seven Villas established in Cuba by Diego Velasquez and was founded in 1513. This was the city where two of Cuba’s main historic events were held: First, after the beginning of the Ten Years War, on October 10th 1868 and after Bayamo was proclaimed capital of the Republic in Arms, exactly on October 20th, 1868, the Cuban National Anthem was song for the first time. The second important event was the burning of the city by its residents before the imminent control of the city by the Spaniards on January 12th, 1869. These and other important events in the history of the island turned this city into the “Birthplace of Cuban Nationality”.
The colonial urbanization of the city marked by its historic center is made up by narrow streets, large homes, plazas, parks and an old cathedral.   Among some of the most interested places are the Birthplace of Carlos Manuel de Cespedes, “Father of the Homeland”; the San Salvador de Bayamo Parochial Church which maintains its Dolores Chapel (1740) open, whose Baroque alter piece is among the most beautiful in the country. 
There are also the Hymn and Revolution Plazas (Squares), the Ventana of Luz Vazquez, the House of Cuban Nationality and the recently refurbished boulevard in the historic centre. One of the most attractive traditions in the city of Bayamo are its horse carriages in which a visitor can travel along its narrow streets and enjoy some of its constructions and most important plazas (squares).
Through Bayamo’s interior roads you can reach the historic Sierra Maestra Mountains, including mountain roads which will take you to the Marea del Portillo tourist destination in the southern coast and in the Guacanayabo Gulf.  Vacationers are astound with its natural parks: the Turquino National Park and the Desembarco del Granma both found in the province of Granma. You may visit Turquino Peak with 1974 meters high, which is the highest point on the island; the second attraction is its impressive marine terraces system, which is the best conserved on the archipelago and recognized by UNESCO as one of the most representative internationally, known as “Stairway for the Giants”; you can also find the El Guafe Archeological Natural Reserve.
The Desembarco del Granma National Park has 8 tracks and speleological archeological routes, among them there is aone of special relevance covering the route of  22 kilometers between the Las Coloradas mangrove and the Alegria de Pio sugar plantation.
This route was used by the expeditionary forces  lead by Dr. Fidel Castro when he came from Mexico in December 02nd, 1956 in the GRAMMA yatch to fight against the Batista Army.
Between the ocean and the Mountains and with a spectacular scene, you will find Marea del Portillo, an attractive area where you can find 17 snorkeling sites, the most attractive region is found in Cabo Cruz, although in order to fully enjoy them you should walk through the paths which will take you to the waterfalls from the Cilantro and Las Yaguas Rivers; you can also prepare an excursion to Cayo Blanco, a small islet located only 500 meters from the beach. For those of you that prefer something much more intimate and private in these remote areas, here you an enjoy lodging with great services and efficient comfort.  
In the surrounding areas of the town of Guisa, you can enjoy the Cupaynicú Botanical Gardens; in the Jiguaní-San German Road you can find the Dos Rios Monument where Cuba´s National Hero Jose Marti fell in combat in 1895.  The ruins of the La Demajagua Sugar Plantation stands right before reaching Manzanillo, second most important city in the province of Granma. Manzanillo is a coastal city bathed by the waters of the Guacanayabo Gulf surrounded by stories of pirates. The cities of Bayamo and Manzanillo have airports which welcome national and international flights. Bayamo is an excellent option for those that prefer something different, natural, historic and traditional.

 
   
   
 
  • San Juan Plaza (Square).
    •  Former Pilar de Jucaibama Sugar Plantation, Mabay Road, kilometer 4.
    •  Home of Don Tomas Estrada Palma.
    •  Provincial Museum of Bayamo.
    •  House of Cuban Nationality in Bayamo.
    •  Carlos Manuel de Cespedes Park-Revolution Plaza, Bayamo.
    •  Birthplace of “Father of the Homeland”, Carlos M. de Céspedes, Bayamo.
    •  San Salvador Parroquial and Nuestra Señora de los Dolores Alter, Bayamo.
    •  Hymn Plaza Arquitectural.
    •  “Jose Joaquin Palma” Theater, Bayamo.
    •  Summerhouse of the Céspedes de Manzanillo Park, Manzanillo.
    •  Purisima Concepcion Parroquial Church, Manzanillo.
    •  Cupaynicu Botanical Garden, Guisa.
    •  The House of the Farero and the Cabo Cruz Lighthouse, Niquero.
    •  “La Demajagua” Memorial, Manzanillo-Niquero km 3 Road.
    •  Monument to Marti in Dos Rios, Jiguani-San German km. 21 Road.
    •  Carlos Manuel de Cespedes Park, Manzanillo.
    •  Desembarco del Granma National Park, Sierra Maestra.
    •  Manzanillo Theater, Manzanillo.
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