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Information on Cuba you may need to Travel to Cuba

 
 
 
Republic of Cuba.
City of Havana.
110.922 km².
11.184.023 inhabitants (approximate until 2001).
Spanish.
Catholic, Protestant, Afro Cuban.
Cuban Peso.
Santiago de Cuba, Holguín, Camaguey, Cienfuegos, Matanzas, Pinar del Rió, Sancti Spiritus, Trinidad, Ciego de Ávila, Bayamo and Guantánamo.
Isle of Youth.
53.

Cuba, the beautiful Alligator as it is called and the largest of the Caribbean islands is located in the entrance of the Gulf of Mexico. The island’s closest neighbours are: Haiti to the east; the Peninsula of Yucatan to the west; Florida to the north and Jamaica to the south. The Bahamas is found very close to the northeast. Cuba is an archipelago made up of some 4 195 keys and the Isle of Youth.
Cuba’s nature is diverse and extravagant; you can find the best landscapes; a great variety of flora and fauna; over 280 excellent white sand beaches; virgin keys; caves; swamps; valleys; forests and mountains. Cuba has a modern hotel’s infrastructure, a wide variety of Hospitals and Health Care centres through out the island; Convention & Congress Centres; good  restaurants and night clubs; Theatres, Zoo and Botanical Parks; and a monumental colonial architecture in most of its principal cities as well as an active and vibrant culture life.
The island’s most important mountainous groups are formed by the Sierra de los Organos to the west; the Sierra del Escambray to the central part and the Sierra Maestra Mountains to the east where you can find the highest elevation which is the Turquino Peak 1 974 meters above sea level.
The Cuban population is the result of a mixture of European, African, Asian and the aborigine people.  Its people are joyful and musical and live very rooted in its traditions and customs. The island’s inhabitants have a high educational level and have access to a national educational system free of charge for all.
Cuban culture is a product of the mixture of cultures. As Cuba’s ethnologist Fernando Ortiz said it is the outcome of a process of merging cultures from different origins which has formed the Cuban nation and the Cuban culture. In the field of music, the rumba and conga emerged from the African ancesters now transform into afrocuban music; the danzón and son coming from the merge with the European cultures. The most recent genres are the mambo, cha cha cha, new trova movement, latin jazz and the popular salsa. This mixture of rhythms and new musical trends has had a great impact in the national culture and got international recognition in renowned musical groups like: Aragon, Benny More, Compay Segundo, Joseito Fernandez, Lecuona, Cesar Portillo de la Luz, Celia Cruz, Chucho Valdes, Elena Bourke, Omara Portuondo  among many others.
Great writers and poets like Jose Maria Heredia, Jose Marti, Dulce Maria Loynaz, Alejo Carpentier, Jose Lezama Lima, Nicolas Guillen or Eliseo Diego; internationally acclaimed painters like Wifredo Lam, Rene Portocarrero or Tomas Sanchez; or exponents of dance like the Cuban National Ballet company and its prima bailerina Alicia Alonso. Cuba is the site of important international events like: the Havana International Ballet , the Havana Theater Festivals; Biennial of Fine Arts; Popular Music Festival like Benny More or Cucalambe; International Book Fair; the International Film Festival of New Latin American Cinema among many others.
Cuba is divided into 14 provinces and a special municipality. They are Pinar del Rio, Havana, the City of Havana, Matanzas, Villa Clara, Cienfuegos, Sancti Spiritus, Ciego de Avila, Camaguey, Las Tunas, Holguin, Granma, Santiago de Cuba and Guantanamo. The special municipality of the Isle of Youth located south of Havana province.
Havana, the capital of Cuba, was founded in 1519 and originally baptised with the name of San Cristobal de la Habana and is located in the north-western part of the island.  The city is full of incredible history, culture and traditions. It is an excellent cultural and tourism destination. 
Old Havana was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO since 1982, it has one of the most eclectic architecture complexes of the new world where the multiplicity styles are merged and an infinite number of values are conserved as loyal exponents of the colonial architecture of America. 
Pinar del Rio is the island’s westernmost province. You can visit beautiful sites like: Viñales Valley, declared a Nature World Heritage Site by UNESCO and Soroa located in the western part of the Sierra del Rosario Mountain range, declared a Biosphere Reserve due to its natural treasures.
In the Sierra del Rosario it is also the Terrazas complex, an beautiful area where you can enjoy San Juan River and places like French coffee plantation ruins.
Best diving you could have in Cuba also is located in Pinar del Río province at  Maria La Gorda in the Guanacabibes Península  and also in Levisa Key , a key off main land, north of Pinar del Rio. Also in Maria La Gorda you could find best in depth fishing in the island.

Matanzas, known as the Athens of Cuba, stands out in the country’s cultural panorama. It is famous for the world famous Varadero Beach Resort with 23 diving areas, sporting installations, golf course and a wide range of hotels and tourism facilities. In the Zapata Peninsula a vacationer can visit the Bigger Swamp in Cuba and in the Caribbean, also an excellent place for bird watching and to observe the cocodriles in their own environments.
Cienfuegos, known as the Pearl of the South, is a port city with coasts to the warm Caribbean Sea and has an incredibly beautiful bay. Recently was declared by UNESCO as a Cultural Heritage Site of Humanity. It has remarkable constructions and building with a distinguish french influence. Also you can find areas for diving in cienfuegos particularly in Guajimico. If you decide to make overnight in Cienfuegos look to La Union boutique hotel, is excellent 
Villa Clara is the island’s most central city, it has century old cultural value and its an excellent opportunity to tour its legendary towns. This province is home to the Escambray Mountain range, the Topes de Collantes mountain as well as the Hanabanilla artificial lake.
In Sancti Spiritus you can find the country’s most beautiful colonial cities like Trinidad which was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1982. Close to the town of Trinidad you can find the Maria Aguilar beach at the ancon Península.
Jardines del Rey is made up of keys which were baptised by the Spanish in honor of their  King at the time. Among the most outstanding keys are Cayo Coco and Cayo Guillermo both located north of the province of Ciego de Avila with incredible natural landscapes for all those interested in water sports and recreation, in addition to its modern hotel infrastructure. 
Santa Lucia is the main beach resort in Camaguey, it is located 1.30 hours drive from the city of Camaguey on the north portion of the prvince.
In eastern Holguin province you can find one of the most beautiful scenery. The Bahia de Bariay located in this province was where Cristopher Columbus landed for the first time in Cuban land. Some of the most interesting sites are the Loma de la Cruz, the historic center of the city of Holguin and its surroundings that deserves the name it was given as the City of Parks.  The city is also the site of the famous Romerias de Mayo cultural activities.
The most important beaches resorts are Guardalavaca, Pesquero and Esmeralda. In this territory there are remains of aboriginal settlements like the Chorro de Maíta. 
We also suggest you to visit the Mirador de Mayabe, Bahia de Naranjo and Saetía Key among other very nice options. 
Las Tunas province located in the eastern part of the island is known as the balcony of eastern Cuba.  There are over 30 virgin beaches located along its coasts. Nature and Ecotourism has been developed in this province with its most attractive and richness medicinal waters.
Surrounded by the Sierra Maestra Mountain range are the easternmost provinces of Granma, Santiago de Cuba and Guantanamo. Granma is known as the “Cradle of the Cuban Nationality” and conserves a rich historic and cultural heritage. Among the sites that stand out are the Monument City of Bayamo, the La Demajagua National Park, the city of Manzanillo and the singular beach of Marea del Portillo.
Santiago de Cuba is the second most important city of cuba, just after the capital Havana.
Santiago played a key role in the fighting for the Independence of Cuba in the IXX and XX Century.
Its inhabitants are characterized as being hospitable and cheerful. Music is an essential component of the spirit of the people of Santiago.
Santiago has been the cradle of important musicians and musical genres that has made the nation famous and has spread throughout the world with a special identity: Santiago is recognized as the cradle of the son, bolero and the old trova songs. We must highlight its famous carnivals and internationally recognized Caribbean Festival. The city of Santiago de Cuba has a rich architectural-historic-cultural estate which includes the Santa Ifigenia Cemetary, Diego Velasquez Home Museum, Bacardi Museum, Concert Halls Heredia among others. On the other hand there is also the Baconao National Park declared Biosphere Reserve, the Loma de San Juan, Gran Piedra and the Pre-Historical Valley.
Santiago also has incredible nature where a vacationer can enjoy the Sierra Maestra Grand Park with its Turquino National Park (highest peak on the island) the Desembarco de Granma with enormous ecological value.
Guantanamo still conserves many of the vestiges of French architecture. To the north of the province you can find the famous town of Baracoa, the first villa founded by conquistador Diego Velasquez. In the town a visitor can appreciate the abundant rivers getting together for an attractive natural scene with elements of historic and cultural character.
As a jewel in the extreme east of the Los Canarreos archipelago and privileged by the goodness of nature are: Cayo Largo del Sur, considered one of the most attractive diving areas in Cuba, together with a comfortable and modern hotel infrastructure.
The Isle of Youth, located in the south western part of the island, is a protected area due to its natural and archaeological nature, the Bibijagua beach famous for its black sand; the famous caves in the beaches of Punta del Este with its aboriginal paintings; or the International Diving Center with spectacular marine floors.

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